Vedanta, school of philosophy in Hinduism

Ra’al Ki Victorieux

To a great extent, the popularity of this school of ancient wisdom is because they help us to live well; feel better in everyday life, and receive an energetic benefit, which helps us both in mental, emotional, and physical health.

Vedanta, school of philosophy in Hinduism
Vedanta, school of philosophy in Hinduism

Vedanta has many followers today. The source of knowledge is found in the Vedas, among them: the Prasthanatrayi (the three sources), which are the main Upanishads, the Brahma Sutras, and the Bhagavad Gita. These various books do not form a unified system, and there are more than a hundred. A systematization was carried out by Badarayana, in his work Vedanta Sutra (the common thread of the goal of the Vedas). Generally speaking, this philosophy focuses on the wisdom of nature and humanity’s relationship with divinity. Brahman is considered to be the ultimate reality, the universal consciousness, ātman is the soul or individual self, and prakriti is the empirical, material world.

The name veda-anta is composed from the Sanskrit term veda, which means knowledge, wisdom, and anta, which refers to an end or conclusion. It can be interpreted as achieving the highest spiritual knowledge, or accessing the last part of the Vedas, since this doctrine of the Hindu religion completed the replacement of the Vedic religion expressed in the epic mythological text Rig-veda.


Texts from the middle of the 1st millennium BC. C. that produced a break with the Rig-veda religion.

Vedanta Sutra

This is the main text of the Badaraiana doctrine, from 200 BC. C. Badaraiana is considered to be a name of Viasa, one of the legendary sages, to whom the Rig-veda, elaborated a millennium earlier, is attributed.

It is a tradition in India that each doctrine is composed with bhashias and tikas (comments and criticisms), in which each author translates the Sanskrit phrases of the Vedanta-sutra in his own way.


700-line poem included in the Majábharata, an epic religious text from the 3rd century BC. c.

Comments of the sage Shankara

A great Indian thinker, Shankara (788-820), commented on the 11 main Upanishads, the Brahma-sutra and the Bhagavad Gita, his work is considered part of the Vedanta doctrine.

Some of his works are for the introduction to the understanding and practice of the doctrine, and are called prakaranas, among which the following stand out:

Atma-bodha (intelligence of self).

Viveka-chudamani (Crest Jewel of Discernment).

Drig-drisha-viveka (discernment between the seer and the seen).

Vedanta-sara (essence of vedanta).

Devotion to the divinity can awaken grace, and help the devotee not only to his well-being in the present life, but also to free himself from the cycle of reincarnation.

In summary, if you are interested in learning about the spiritual path, and you feel attracted to Hindu philosophy, you can approach the books of the Vedanta tradition to increase your wisdom.

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